Skin in Ayurveda

Skin in Ayurveda

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Skin care

What’s Skin Care?

Skincare is one of the highly prioritized subjects in the medical field, as everyone wants to have beautiful and desired skin as they wish.

Everyone wants it!
Even small changes in the skin give us a terrible nightmare. The young and old both are seeking information to keep their skin healthy.

Skin Structure – A Beautiful story
The skin gives covering to the internal parts of the human body. Depending upon its strength and health, it helps in protecting our body from external bruises or injuries. Skin is not only an external cover to the body but also protects the blood vessels, sweat glands, fat tissues, hair roots, nerves etc which plays a vital role in the body physiology. This is the place where the nerves carry different experiences such as pain, heat, cold and others. When skin gets injured, blood oozes out and it produces a scar. When the nerves get damaged skin produces various sensations or no sensation or deformity.

How much Skin you have?
In a healthy adult, the skin roughly weighs approximately about 4 kilos.

Do you know what all your Skin does?
The skin helps in regulating body temperature, by sweating pushes out or eliminates the waste, protects from external organisms. Though nerves give the sensations, the skin gives the color, etc. Since skin has multiple functions, it is considered as one of the prominent parts of our body.

Skin in Ayurveda

According to Ayurveda, the oldest of the medical science, the skin has seven external layers. Here keratin and the coloring agent melanin are present. When their functions get abnormal or obstructed they produce skin diseases. If the external skin gets damaged, it heals without any marks. If the outer skin is removed there won’t be itching.

In the ancient texts of Ayurveda, Sushruta, one among the eminent scholars, has explained the formation of Skin from the time of conception.

“How a layer of cream is formed when the boiled milk cooled, in a similar way Rasa, Raktha and other dathus; churned by their respective biological fire (Agni) forms the Skin. From the process of the conception of Shukra (sperm) and Shonita (ovum) itself, all the parts of the human body develop, and simultaneously by the function of dhatwagni paaka the skin is formed.”

Another Scholar, Acharya Vagbhata also referred Skin to ‘Rakta Santanika’. Reason being due to the process of dhatwagni, Rakta forms Skin like the layer of cream formed over cooled milk.

Acharya Sushruta says that during the formation of Skin, it receives the qualities of Pancha Mahabootas from Raktadhatu.

  1. Prithvi Mahaboota gives the structure and the smell to the skin.
  2. Jalamahaboota gives the circulatory elements.
  3. Agnimahaboota gives the color element.
  4. Vayumahaboota gives the sensation
  5. Akashamahaboota gives space for transportation

Skin & Mahaboothas
Any change visible on the Skin anatomically or physiologically has a direct relationship with the Mahaboothas. And that’s a true fact. Because an Ayurvedic practitioner always analyses and understands Skin diseases based on the variation in the different Mahaboothas. And any medicines applied towards that particular Mahabootha results in the change of the physiology or anatomy of Skin itself.

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