Psoriasis is one of that skin diseases that fall under the no cure category. As it well knows it’s a chronic skin condition caused by an autoimmune response from the immune system. The cure for this disease has evolved from some basic to advanced light therapy treatments.
What is psoriasis?
As a condition in which the cells of the skin pile up by increasing continuously forming scales and patches on the surface. These patches may be painful, itching, swollen and disturbing to appearance. Flakes and scales forms along with rashes. In some people, they appear in White, red, pink and Silver colours depending on the skin naturally.
Psoriasis doesn’t always stay forever on the body. The effect of psoriasis can be scaled from mild, moderate to severe impacts analysing the coverage on the body knees areas in the lower back, elbows, nails, and scalp are mostly seen with psoriasis.
Three percentage or lesser of coverage on the body is mild psoriasis. Whilst more than three percentage and ten percentage can be told as moderate and severe psoriasis.
There are certain types of psoriasis categorized on the basis of the appearance and areas affected and impact on the areas.
Plaque psoriasis is the commonest type with almost ninety per cent of the psoriasis cases chasing It redness and scales are the signs on the back, scalp, elbows, and knees.
Pustular psoriasis is the rarest among all, notable in adults. As the name itself states, it forms pustules, that are filled with pus and surrounded by red skin, in both the limbs and also other parts probably it ends up with scales and aggression.
In some people, the plaque psoriasis with lesions may end up with some erythrodermic psoriasis. Thus dangerous psoriasis tends to form oedema, which means fluid accumulation, disturbing the body fluid and chemical flux balance. This triggers loss of protein, fluid and balance. Vital organs like heart lungs can fail in severe erythrodermic psoriasis situation.
Guttate psoriasis usually begins to evolve from childhood to younger or adulthood. These are crusty or thick lesions, which can be left with treatment. Once gone, guttate psoriasis may return as plaque psoriasis or doesn’t ever return.
The severity of psoriasis:
Starting with alight signs of discomfort, disturbance pain, swelling, lesions, itchy scales, psoriasis can go to severity. Depression, diabetes, anxiety, cancers cardiovascular and Git issues risks are likely.
Causes of psoriasis:
The major cause for the psoriasis is our genes and our over-responsive immune system. The genes get into reverse action triggering the immune responses drastically contrary to its normal function. This starts with rapid skin cells growth and accumulation, swelling, inflammation, redness and lesions. Overall control of our immune system will be disturbed. Almost 25 genes act in a way to develop psoriasis, mental status, depressions stress and emotional pressures attract infection pustular psoriasis is doubled up by bad habits like smoking, and alcohol consumption. Every change in the hormone can trigger psoriasis. Certain medication with lithium, quinidine, steroids etc.
Issues with the metabolism of the body, heart condition, history of the disease in the family, environmental factors are the main risks for the disease.
Psoriasis happens in both males and females. Age isn’t a barrier. Appears from childhood to any age of adulthood. 28-30 age group is the most affected on an average. Puberty, menopause-like life cycle changes can develop psoriasis. The chances of development of the disease go higher with age. A child has little chances of psoriasis than adults.
How to Diagnose psoriasis:
There are no any stipulated tests to check upon psoriasis. personal overlook of the signs and symptoms, a persistent appearance of the rashes and scales, is enough to see the doctor. A physical examination will be held by the physician to determine the condition along with the verification if family history. In very few cases, a skin biopsy is taken for diagnosis. A skin sample is taken from the patient with a little local anaesthesia. A biopsy can show up other discomforts in the skin along with psoriasis.
Treatments for psoriasis:
It is very well said that there is no cure for psoriasis and it is chronic. Though a permanent cure for the disease is ain’t stipulated, these are treatment procedures and certain remedies to reduce the impact of the disease.
The purpose of treating psoriasis is to reduce the spread, the inflammation, remove scaly skin and rashes, medication, photodynamic light therapy and topical applications are the man aspects in those treatment processes.
The skin should always be hydrated and moisturized retained in the psoriasis patients. This prevents a lot of irritation, disturbance and itching in the skin. It may block the further spread of the disease too. The medication starts with topical application, the steroids and non-steroids are used in topical medication. The retinoid drugs enriched with vitamin A, makes the skin smoothens heal and lowers the cell growth. Tarazotene is the common retinoid used.
Vitamin D is taken as the combination with a corticosteroid, it is useful in removing the affected skin calcipotriene/drones and calcitriol is the prescribed composition. These analogues treat mild to moderate situations. Though it irritates the skin, it’s more effective, available in creams and solutions.
Anthralin taken over scalp psoriasis applied and rinsed off as it may give colour to the skin.
Coal Tar shampoos are well applauded for its effectiveness. One’s or medication may end up with coal tar usage. It is used also in oils and creams, contraindicated for pregnants and postmortem. Salicylic acid analogued with corticosteroids and coal tar works benefits for putting an end to scalp psoriasis. It wipes off dead cells and eliminates scaling effectively.
Calcinuerin Inhibitors act on the thin area of skin and only a short period. Tacrolimus and pimecrolimus are those. Higher or prolonged intake of them can attract lethal effects. Pimecrolimus cream and tacrolimus ointment regret the plaque psoriasis and inverse psoriasis efficiently.
Light therapy treatments utilize ultraviolet or natural lights. Sunlight treatments hang ultraviolet rays, or exposing to mild and intermittent sunlight reduces psoriasis in UVB phototherapy, are used to treat single patches, severe psoriasis and those that don’t yield to topical medications. Itchings, dryness of skin and redness are the temporary side effects. Narrowband ultraviolet band phototherapy is next level to that of ultraviolet band treatment. It leaves burns like scars and treated more severe cases. Excimer laser treats affected the skin only without affecting the surroundings. More results can be seen with only fewer treatments with thin light form. PUVA is a two-step procedure, that is psoralen. This has shown consistent improvements. Side effects may be catched up with longer applications. Gockerman therapy utilises the coal tar along with uv rays. This combination goes well efficient than when these acts individually.
Psoriasis recurred until it is completely reduced by medications and treatments. Even though a counter attack can be done with home remedies and little lifestyle changes. Mild and initial psoriasis symptoms can be cured with these remedies at home. Drink lot of water. Sinking in lot of water detoxifies the skin, hydrates the body keeps whole body moisturized and full. This wipes away the dryness eliminates the scales, rashes and lision. Avoiding dry skin is the efficient method to stay away from psoriasis.
Taking supplementary foods like milk thistle, vitamin D, fish oils, vitamins, alone and essential oils can ease symptoms. They that eat healthy stays healthy. Diet can manage psoriasis. Dry nuts, oils, omega 3 fatty acid rich foods. Excluding smoking, alcoholic habits, excessive intake if refined and processed foods, carbohydrates, red meats and saturated fats can prevent inflammation.
Giving a hot oil massage with olive oil or any essential oil helps get rid of the plaques. Taking an Epsom salt bath, or sit in can relieve the skin and soothen the scales and plaques. However moisturizers are always a rescue. A deep moisturizing is always important every now and than. Sitting, strolling or exposing to sunlight can slower the impacts and also skin cell multiplication. Time of exposure and the need should be advised by the doctor. Too much exposure can worsen psoriasis.
Ayurveda uses turmeric along with the herbs to efficiently treat the psoriasis. Even the FDA gave a proceeding signal to usage of 3grams in a day. Turmeric is taken both as typical medication and also pills or just a supplement.
Changing lifestyle habits, dietary changes, losing weight helps along as in many successful cases of psoriasis. Being emotionally strong, mentally resistant to stress and depression strong during the illness and treatment, consistent with the medication and treatment can help in successful cure of the disease.